The U.S. and the 29 other NATO member states are urging North Korea to resume what they call "meaningful" dialogue with the U.S. to achieve complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization.
In a joint communique issued after their summit Monday in Brussels, the leaders called on the regime to fully implement its international obligations, including the elimination of its missiles and nuclear arsenal.
Also, for the first time, NATO has moved explicitly to counter the ambitions of China, stipulating in its communique that Beijing poses systemic challenges.
"NATO leaders called on China to uphold its international commitments and to act responsibly in the international system including in space, cyber and maritime domains, in keeping with its role as major power."
At the last NATO summit in 2019, the alliance kept a low profile and took a more neutral stance, calling China's expanding influence an opportunity and North Korea wasn't even mentioned.
NATO's tough stance on China and North Korea, analysts say, comes from the return of the U.S. as a more cooperative leader.
"This time because of the rise of China and also because the Biden government is perceiving the rise of China very urgently, I think the targets of NATO are becoming more and more China rather than Russia."
Visiting NATO headquarters on Monday, Biden reassured America's European allies that the U.S. stands by their side a distinct shift in tone from Trump, who had threatened to withdraw from NATO and accused the allies of contributing too little to their own defense.
Russia was also singled out.
NATO pointed out that Russia continues to breach the values, principles, trust and commitments of international agreements.
NATO leaders also echoed the need for Iran to cease all ballistic missile activities, endorsing the revival of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal.
Kim Dami, Arirang News.