* Date : 2019-12-27
Hyperconnectivity is one of the major characteristics that represents the era of the fourth industrial revolution. The cutting-edge technologies which are closely connected like a spider web, is another characteristic of the era of hyperconnectivity. Industrial automation refers to the automated manufacturing system including designing and producing stages, through robots and computers. Along with the continuing growth of the technology market, industrial automation has brought about changes to different industrial areas aside from the manufacturing sector. And distribution industry is one of the examples. The automated system has increased the working efficiency. Also, it has contributed to reducing errors that might occur during the working process. Industrial robot is one of the necessary elements for the field of industrial automation. Three-dimensional recognition of environment has become possible along with the implementation of various sensors. And they have played a significant role for the automation of industries. Collaborative robot is one of the industrial robots that has garnered a lot of attention. As it can proceed works rapidly and increase productivity, it can realize coexistence with humans. A smart factory system, which can manage the entire manufacturing process including distribution and services, has been developed. We introduce industrial automation, which has been collaborating with various technologies, increased the industrial efficiency and improved the working environment.
Sharing economy is one of the keywords that has garnered a lot of attention in 2019. The economy has achieved rapid growth based on the diversified ICT-based platforms. Escaping from competition and monopoly, sharing and cooperating have emerged as popular trends. Diversified dealing platforms have recently been developed and they have led the evolution of the sharing economy. The target of sharing which used to be confined to objects like cars or mobility devices, has been broadened to all the necessities in life. Also, by providing the dealing platforms that can satisfy the desires of consumers, it has contributed to increasing the quality of people’s lives. Along with the broadened scope of the sharing economy, “energy prosumer,” has emerged as a new type of dealing that shares energy. Electric power is generated by making crops and solar power generator share sunlight. And farmers can earn fixed income. Moreover, electric power can be generated by making use of biogas which is produced during the fermentation of livestock excretions and food waste. A growing number of consumers have chosen sharing instead of owning. And it has given a boost to the second-hand dealings. The second-hand dealing platforms which have recently collaborated with IT skills, have been diversified in mobile, online and offline sectors. As the demand for direct dealings has increased, a data analysis service that can provide reliable dealings, has also been introduced. We explore the new dealing platforms which were developed based on the collaboration of the sharing economy with cutting-edge technologies.
Circular economy, which promotes sustainability by saving and recycling resources, has emerged as a latest trend in the global economy. In 2019, recycling, which is one of the eco-friendly measures that makes use of resources, has garnered a lot of attention. A huge amount of domestic sewage is produced every day. A portable straw-type purifier which has implemented an activated carbon filter made with natural palm tree and sea water desalination equipment which can change sea water into fresh water by using solar power can provide clean and pure water to people. At an apartment complex, fertilizers are made by fermenting food waste. And the local residents can raise vegetables with the produced pesticides. A variety of items that are made with eco-friendly materials, have been developed. Bioplastic is a material made with sugar cane. And there is a natural packing material which used wool instead of a disposable polystyrene box. Also, a food waste bag which is made of collagen was developed. Urban mining, which collects expensive and rare metals from discarded electronic waste materials and provides it as industrial raw materials, has recently achieved rapid growth. An automated system that can disassemble and select discarded displays that can be used again was newly developed. Also, gold is collected from the electrical circuits and BGA chips of electronic goods. And after the refining process, it is turned into a gold bar. Moreover, the automobile parts from scrapped cars are remanufactured and provided as recycled components. We look into a variety of recycling methods that were newly introduced in 2019 and have given a boost to the green growth.