The September 11 attack occurred in the New York City in 2001. An airline caught by Islamic terrorists crashed into the World Trade Center, causing thousands of innocent citizens to die. The world was dumfounded after it was reportedly said that the terrorists originally planned to attack a nuclear power plant. Threat of nuclear war has passed, but the proliferation endures.
"If the enrichment of nuclear material is low such as 3 to 5 percent, it can be used for power generation. However, if the concentration is higher than 90 percent, it can be used for the nuclear bomb. That’s why we need the transparency of nuclear activity and the international efforts to reach the consensus to prevent all the possibility of nuclear terrorism." - from the interview with nuclear expert
Nuclear has been used for committing terrorist attack as there are conflicts of interests among various groups.
Nuclear material is energy source but it can be also maliciously used for terrorism.
We stand at the crossroads facing the world with the double-edged sword.
Nuclear terrorism is considered as the most serious issue to threat the international community.
World leaders from 58 countries will meet at the Seoul Nuclear Security Summit which is held on March 26 for the peaceful and safe world.
Cold War era ended and threat of nuclear war decreased, but the possibility of nuclear terrorism still remains and even increases than ever before.
Especially, the number of smuggling and hijacking nuclear material has steadily increased year after year.
In this situation, Washington Nuclear Security Summit was inaugurated in 2010.
World leaders from 47 countries reached consensus to stop illegal nuclear material trafficking and shared their view of importance of nuclear safety in the international community.
And this year, 58 countries put heads together to find a solution at the Seoul summit.
The summit is the largest gatherings hosted by Korea throughout the history of the nation.
The program casts light upon the meaning of the Nuclear Security Summit and what efforts has been made by each countries to prevent nuclear terrorism in the world.