Speaking on the second of three days of hearings at the International Court of Justice on Wednesday, de facto Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi vigorously rejected the accusations of genocide.
She claimed that the military-led crackdown in August 2017 which UN investigators have said was carried out with "genocidal intent" and included mass killings and rapes was a legitimate counterterrorism response to Rohingya militant attacks against dozens of police stations in Myanmar.
"Regrettably, the Gambia has placed before the Court an incomplete and misleading factual picture of the situation in Rakhine state in Myanmar. Yet, it is of the utmost importance that the Court assesses the situation obtaining on the ground in Rakhine dispassionately and accurately."
Aung San Suu Kyi's comments, which were broadcast live on television, aroused anger among Rohingya Muslims living as refugees in neighboring Bangladesh.
"The speech Aung San Suu Kyi has given in the court is absolutely lies all lies, all lies. They tortured us so much, we are carrying so much pain."
More than 730,000 Rohingya Muslims fled Myanmar after the military operations and the UN estimates that roughly 10,000 Rohingya were killed in the crackdown.
Some 600,000 Rohingya remaining in Myanmar are confined to camps and villages where they are unable to travel freely or access healthcare and education.
Initiated by the tiny Muslim-majority nation of the Gambia, the case will decide whether to grant a provisional measure aimed at protecting Rohingya still living in Myanmar's Rakhine state.
A decision on that is expected within weeks or months, while a formal ruling of whether Myanmar committed genocide could take years.
Choi Jeong-yoon, Arirang News.