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* Date : 2019-10-12

Episode 3: The Road to Peace

The Silk Road, where exchange of the Eastern and Western civilizations took place 2,000 years ago. The road is now a railway! Arirang TV is launching a special documentary series on the 21st Iron Silk Road, filmed in 13 cities of South Korea, China and North Korea. Ep.3 'The Road to Peace' focuses on the Iron Silk Road, which used to be tainted with the greed of the imperialistic powers, and the history of Korean and Chinese struggles dating back to a century ago.

A group of people singing together at Lu Xun Park, Shanghai. It is the anthem of the People's Liberation Army of China, the song every Chinese learns in school and is proud of. Interestingly, the composer is not Chinese—he is a Korean named Jeong Yul-seong, the godfather of Chinese revolutionary music and one of the three best revolutionary musicians in China. Why did he go to China? In the early 20th century, many young Koreans left to China to participate in the independence movement and escape the suppression. Jeong, who lived in Gwangju, Jeollanam-do Province, Korea, was one of them. He headed for China in 1933 to participate in the anti-Japanese movement and composed many famous pieces.

Independence activists in China established the provisional government in Shanghai, one of the concession areas of foreign powers. Here, an event that enhanced the government's prestige occurred—the patriotic death of Yun Bong-gil. Yun threw a bomb disguised as a water canteen in the middle of the celebration of a victory day and birthday of the Japanese emperor held at Lu Xun Park. The resulting explosion killed and injured 7 high-rank officers of the Japanese army. The Chinese press at the time widely reported the incident to inform the international society of the atrocities of Japan and appeal for support for Korea.

The early 20th century, when the invasions of foreign powers were growing in intensity for territorial expansion. The railway served as a means of exploitation and invasion but also as the road of struggle for peace. The patriotic death of An Jung-geun at Harbin Station also greatly inspired the Chinese people. In celebrating the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Korean provisional government, let's look back on the past 100 years and into the future 100 years of the Iron Silk Road.

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