End of American leadership? U.S. withdrawal from WHO creates uncertainty over future of world order
Updated: 2020-07-10 07:03:09 KST
We begin a discussion on an issue making headlines. The Trump Administration this week officially notified the United Nations that it will pull out of the World Health Organization by this time next year.
This came after President Trump slammed the global health agency, citing the WHO's alleged deference to China and poor handling of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Members of the international community have voiced their strong concerns as the U.S. is a biggest financial contributor to the WHO and has decided to withdraw at a time when global efforts are needed to beat COVID-19.
The underlying question is: what does the withdrawal mean for the international community and its institutions which have, for decades, looked to American leadership?
For this, we speak with Dr. Peter Rough, senior fellow at the Hudson Institute and former director of research in the Office of George W. Bush. We also connect with Dr. Ramon Pacheco Pardo, Reader of International Relations at King's College London.
1. Dr. Rough: President Trump has started the year-long process of pulling the U.S. out of the WHO. Was this the right decision for America or was it a politically calculated move to boost his chances for re-election in November?
2. Dr. Pacheco Pardo: How will this affect Washington's relationship with European countries, which have spoken up strongly against America's withdrawal?
3. Dr. Rough: How do you think this will affect America's relations with Europe?
Germany's chancellor has warned the withdrawal could give China more power on the world stage. Do you agree, and what are the dangers of this?
4. Dr. Pacheco Pardo: What do you think will be the outcome of America's withdrawal? If it happens, will it weaken global cooperation and institutions, or will there be greater multilateralism?
4. Dr. Rough: Global cooperation and institutions built in the post-war era are all based on U.S. leadership and funding, as well as the promotion of virtues like neoliberalism, democracy and globalization. But with the U.S. pulling out, can these institutions survive?
5. With the leadership vacuum, should another country assume the role, or do you see multilateralism becoming the new norm?
6. Where should America place itself in the world? Could it and should it revive its old role as policeman of the world?
7. Can the U.S. revive its hegemonic position or has the Trump administration's America First policy damaged U.S. clout on the global stage?
This is where we have to wrap up the discussion. Dr. Peter Rough, at the Hudson Institute in Washington, D.C., and Dr. Ramon Pacheco Pardo, at King's College London. Thank you for joining us.