Nuclear terrorism.... Who's stealing the nuclear material?
The 9/11 attacks in 2001 shook not only the United States but the world at large. But al-Qaeda's initial target was a nuclear power plant, not the World Trade Center. Since 2001, real threats of nuclear terrorism have gripped the globe. Moreover, there's a growing number of cases involving smuggling and trafficking of nuclear fissionable material. According to data compiled since 1994, there have been over 1800 cases of illicit trade of nuclear material to this day. The average has jumped to 200 cases a year since 2007. Two-thirds of the stolen material is easily accessible radioactive material.
Nuclear terrorism is the biggest terrorist threat. Although the chances of a nuclear terrorist attack actually occurring is lower than 1%, the result would be devastating if it were to happen. Once nuclear material falls into the hands of a terrorist group, it would pose the most serious threat to the world. The fear of nuclear terrorism is fast spreading around the world. People are well aware of the kind of devastation that radiological accidents can bring, as they have already witnessed the aftermath of the Chernobyl Disaster even before the Fukushima reactor meltdown.
Nuclear terrorism can no longer be left unaddressed - 1st Nuclear Security
World leaders realized the importance of nuclear security, and this led to the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington D.C. with leaders from 50 countries. The Washington summit made substantial progress in the area of global nuclear policies. But none of the leaders believed that the 60-year history of the nuclear era would end any time soon. Therefore, a historic initiative was made at the Washington summit.
2nd Nuclear Security Summit, Seoul
The second Nuclear Security Summit will be held in Seoul in March 2012. Why was South Korea selected as the host of the summit? The upcoming Nuclear Security Summit is likely to focus on the safety of nuclear power plants in the aftermath of the Fukushima accident. With the public's distrust in nuclear power on the rise, what kind of discussions and feasible solutions will be generated at the Seoul Nuclear Security Summit?