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World Ch. Schedule : WED 09:05 KST

* Date : 2019-04-10

The Republic of Korea, the Most Democratic Nation in Asia

The Republic of Korea ranked 21st in the 2018 Democracy Index compiled by the U.K-based Economist Intelligence Unit. According to the index, South Korea was the most democratic nation in Asia, placing higher than the United States in 25th and Japan in 22nd.

What propelled the democracy of South Korea to achieve so much? What events took place in Korea a hundred years ago to give birth to the Constitutional principle of “The Republic of Korea is a democratic republic?” Until now, we have focused on the March 1st Independence Movement as nationwide protests against Imperial Japanese. But, frankly, not much attention has been paid to what kind of nation our ancestors were trying to build after Korea's independence.

This documentary was produced to mark the centennial of the establishment of the Korean Provisional Government and understand what kind of nation the Korean people wanted to build and defend. The episodes feature photographs and newspaper articles from that time as well as the scenes from a stage play and poems to help viewers relate better to what happened back then.

Part 1. Birth of a Nation

The March 1st Independence Movement took place on March 1st, 1919 in the colonized Korea. Countless women, merchants, and laborers – almost one out of every ten Koreans - joined the nationwide protests.

Demands for a new nation were made at the March 1st Movement, an occasion that sparked Koreans' transformation from the people of an empire to the people of a republic.

When asked what kind of king they wanted after gaining independence, the 33 representatives of the Korean people who proclaimed the Declaration of Independence answered that the worldwide trend was a democratic republic. That was the moment when Korea reinvented itself from a nation run by the powerful few to a democratic republic where everyone has a voting right.

The March 1st Movement led to the birth of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in Shanghai, China that April. The Provisional National Assembly announced the Provisional Charter on April 11th and decided on the name the Republic of Korea for the new nation. Article 1 of the Provisional Charter proclaimed the birth of a new nation by specifying that the Republic of Korea shall be a democratic republic. This clause was transferred to the Constitution of South Korea in its entirety and Korea became the only country in the world that has identified itself as a democratic republic in its Constitution.

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No,Date,Full Contents Review,Buying등의 정보로 이루어진 목록
No Date Full Contents Review VOD
314 2019-12-04 #325 Life Blossoms as Folk Art V
313 2019-11-27 #324 Making a Wish for Peace on the Korean Peninsula While Walking in DMZ Despite Inter-Korean Relations at a Crossroad V
312 2019-11-20 #323 Their Advice to Us in the 21st Century (Part.2 The Way of Exile: Chusa Kim Jeong-hui) V
311 2019-11-13 #322 Their Advice to Us in the 21st Century (Part.1 The Way of Seonbi by Toegye Yi Hwang) V
310 2019-05-22 #321 Chopsticks Diversifying the World(Part.2 Chopstick War – Kuaizi, Hashi, and Jeotgarak) V
309 2019-05-15 #320 Chopsticks Diversifying the World(Part.1 Chopsticks, Three Millennia of the Asian Meme) V
308 2019-04-17 #319 The Republic of Korea, the Most Democratic Nation in Asia - Part 2. By the People, for the People V
307 2019-04-10 #318 The Republic of Korea, the Most Democratic Nation in Asia - Part 1. Birth of a Nation V
306 2019-03-01 #317 The Cries of 1919 -Report from Abroad V
305 2019-02-20 #316 Happy Return V
304 2019-02-13 #315 Incubating K-Culture V
303 2019-01-23 Meet Ondol, the Future Source of Clean Green Energy #314 V
302 2019-01-16 Omnibus look at the excellence of Korean Medicine #313 V
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300 2019-01-02 Paper, Analog Communication #311 V
299 2018-12-26 Journey Towards Peace on the Korean Peninsula in 2018 #310 V
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297 2018-12-05 Life as a Song - Grey Youth Choir #308 V
296 2018-11-28 Smart City Solves the Environment - Part 2. Smart City for Humans #307 V
295 2018-11-21 Smart City Solves the Environment - Part 1. Qualifications for a Smart City #306 V
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