World Ch. Schedule : WED 09:05 KST
* Date : 2015-11-25
Cries and hope of independence that spread over the land of Joseon
There were blue-eyed independence activists in that struggle.
Dark shadows cast for 36 years over Koreans since their loss of national sovereignty. During the Forced Occupation Period in 1890, there were many foreign missionaries that arrived in Incheon through Jemulpo Port. King Gojong banned missionary activities, so they actively participated in educational and medical work. When Joseon began to fall, they sympathized with the pain and looked over the situation with burning hearts.
Blue-eyed Independence Activists
Dr. Schofield was a Canadian veterinarian and missionary who worked as a professor at Yonsei University's Severance Medical College. In the heat of the independence movement that people of all ages participated in, he could feel his students' determination for independence. He photographed the March 1st Movement and the Jeam-ri Incident and exposed Japan's brutality by publishing articles to English newspapers.
Paichai Hakdang was Korea's first modern educational institute. Meaning "to cultivate talents," Paichai Hakdang was a name that King Gojong gave to Dr. Appenzeller. Korea's national policy banned missionary work at the time so he began teaching two students instead. That was the beginning of Paichai Hakdang. Dr. Appenzeller built a printing office in the school basement and published the Bible, magazines, and The Independent. He also had his students work for tuition and instilled a sense of independence among them.
Dr. Eugene Bell arrived in Korea around the same time as Dr. Appenzeller and participated in many activities in the southwestern region of Korea. His son-in-law, William Linton, devoted his life to education in Jeonju. He refused Japan's demand to practice shrine worship and raised his students' awareness of independence. Consequently, Japan found him to be a big nuisance because they couldn't exert physical violence against the Western missionaries and eventually deported him to the U.S. in 1940.
Duration of Japanese colonialism 36 years Number of independence activists 3,000,000
Korea's independence was the fruit of countless sacrifices and there were blue-eyed independence activists who supported and fought alongside Korea.
Now, it's time to understand them with a broader perspective.
They'll become independence activists that the world can sympathize with and commemorate.