The National People's Congress Standing Committee of China are meeting to pass the controversial national security law to be imposed on Hong Kong.
The committee usually meets every two months, but this time, they started the meeting on Sunday, just a week after their previous session.
The plenary session is set to continue until Tuesday, and the decision on whether to pass the legislation could come in time for it to be enacted by July 1st, the 23rd anniversary of Hong Kong's hand-over from the UK to China.
This is considered fast track, as bills generally take two to four months to be passed in China, but, with the claim there are no opposing views, the lawmakers are pushing to pass the bill in just a month.
The new law would allow the Chinese government to punish the residents of Hong Kong for actions it considers to be secession, subversion, terrorism and foreign interference.
It would essentially prevent people from Hong Kong peacefully protesting against mainland China.
As concerns grow internationally, especially in the U.S., where voices for sanctions are getting louder, Beijing is adamant it will pass the law and other countries should keep out of its own internal matters.
"Hong Kong affairs are China's internal affairs and no foreign country has the right to interfere. The Chinese government is firmly determined to safeguard national sovereignty, security and development interests."
This comes as Hong Kong's Chief Executive Carrie Lam will address the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva on Tuesday.
The general expectation is that she will explain the national security legislation to the council's 47 members.
Kim Do-yeon, Arirang News.