The U.S. and the 29 other NATO member-states are urging North Korea to resume "meaningful" dialogue with the U.S. to achieve complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization.
In a joint communique issued following their summit in Brussels Monday, the leaders also emphasized the need to fully implement UN Security Council resolutions on the regime.
NATO also called on the North to fully implement its international obligations, including the elimination of missiles and nuclear arsenals as well as returning to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
NATO leaders also echoed the need for Iran to cease all ballistic missile activities, endorsing the revival of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal.
Also topping the agenda was how NATO should address the challenges posed by a more aggressive Russia and a rising China.
For the first time, NATO explicitly moved to confront China's ambitions, with its communique stipulating that Beijing poses systematic challenges.
Jens Stoltenberg, NATO Secretary-General:
"NATO leaders called on China to uphold its international commitments and to act responsibly in the international system including in space, cyber and maritime domains, in keeping with its role as major power."
NATO also said Russia continues to breach the values, principles, trust, and commitments of international agreements.
While Moscow has strongly opposed NATO membership for Ukraine, the country's president said he welcomes a NATO statement confirming its eventual entry.
Ukraine has been pushing to join NATO for over a decade now, and appears intent on accelerating the process with its president reportedly says Kiev wants a clear "yes" or "no" answer from the alliance.
Kim Hyo-sun, Arirang News.