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Pyeongyang Joint Declaration 2 Years On: Will Pres. Moon Make A Groundbreaking Offer to N. Korea at UN? Updated: 2020-09-21 17:12:16 KST

Two years since South and North Korea signed the Pyeongyang Joint Declaration on September 19 - focused on diffusing military tensions between the two countries, among other issues, Seoul and Pyeongyang have found themselves in a diplomatic deadlock with no progress in denuclearization talks between North Korea and the U.S.

While Pyeongyang has made no mention of the anniversary, Seoul has been looking to push for and renew cooperation.

2018 Inter-Korean Summit Pyeongyang and Pyeongyang Joint Declaration, two years on.
It's the topic of our News In-depth - live in the studio with me is Balazs SZALONTAI, Professor of North Korean Studies at Korea University and later in the show, we're joined by Harry Kazianis, Senior Director at the Center for the National Interest.

Professor Szalontai, good to see you again.

When we look back two years ago in 2018 beginning with first ever visit to South Korea by a member of the Kim dynasty, Kim Yo-jong to the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics to the first-ever Moon, Kim Summit at Panmunjeom in April, a surprise rendezvous between the two in May, first ever North Korea, U.S. summit to be followed by the September inter Korean summit in Pyeongyang
We were dizzy with the flurry of cross border diplomacy and it definitely felt like peace and unification were just around the corner.
Two years later, what's your assessment of the current situation?

With South Korean President Moon Jae-in expressing willingness to continue efforts for dialogue and meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, do you expect President Moon to make a groundbreaking offer to North Korea when he takes the UN stage for the 75th UN General Assembly General Debate on Tuesday? If so, what could it possibly entail?

Let's now connect with Washington for some perspective from there - we're joined live by Harry Kazianis, senior director at the Center for the National Interest.
Harry, it's great to see you again.

Harry, you were here for the first inter-Korean Summit along with myself; closely followed the subsequent U.S.-North Korea and inter-Korean summits, including the September 19th Pyeongyang Summit. Unfortunately, two years on, both remain deadlocked.
What are your thoughts or forecast on President Moon's possible proposal vis-a-vis North Korea at the UN general debate on Tuesday?

There have been reports of detecting signs that North Korea is preparing for a SLBM test.
If they do go ahead it, that would cross all of President Trump's red lines.
Latest book by Bob Woodward reveals the U.S. once drew up a plan to drop 80 nuclear weapons on North Korea.
My question. One, will North Korea launch a provocation before election day on November 3rd and two, if so, how will the U.S. respond, given that it's election season?

Harry Kazianis, Senior Director at the Center for the National Interest. Many thanks for your insights. It was wonderful speaking to you, Harry.

Professor Szalontai, watching the ongoing developments with Covid-19, the U.S. elections, revelations of his personal letters to Trump in Bob Woodward's book, what’s going through the mind of Kim Jong-un? For North Korea, what's more preferable - Trump 2 or Biden and how are they architecting their U.S. policy accordingly?

Balazs SZALONTAI, Professor of North Korean Studies at Korea University, many thanks for your insights this evening. We appreciate it.
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